Bai Juyi (Pai Chu-i, Bo Juyi, Po Chü-i) 772-846
One of the most famous poets and men of letters of the mid-Tang period. Born in modern Henan, he held several senior official posts during his life-time, although his outspoken criticisms of government policies resulted in his being exiled from Chang'an in 815. A prolific poet with an international reputation, he strove for clarity in his writings and, with his good friend Yuan Zhen, promoted the new yuefu style of poetry. He was a devout Buddhist and many of his poems are very critical of the society of the time. He is probably best known for his long poem "Song of Everlasting Sorrow".
Baishi Changqiang ji
Works available in English:
Bai Juyi: 200 Selected Poems (Rewi Alley). Beijing: New World Press, 1983.
Chinese Poems: Selected from 170 Chinese Poems (Arthur Waley). London:
George Allen and Unwin, 1946, pp.120-192.
More Translations from the Chinese (Arthur Waley). London: George Allen and
Unwin, 1919, pp.24-67.
One Hundred and Seventy Chinese Poems (Arthur Waley). London: Constable,
Po Chu-I: Selected Poems (Burton Watson). New York: Columbia University
The Selected Poems of Po Chu-I (David Hinton). New York: New Directions
Publishing Corp., 1999.
Translations from Po Chu-I's Collected Works (Howard S. Levy). New York:
Paragon Book Reprint Corp., 1971-1978.
Studies and Biographies:
Arthur Waley, The Life and Times of Po Chü-I, 772-846 A.D.
Longon: George Allen & Unwin, 1949.
Eugen Feifel, Po Chu-I as a censor: his memorials presented to Hsien-tsung during the years 808-810.
Ann Arbor, Mich. UMI, 1985.