Dai Hongci ?-1910

A native of Nanhai, Guangdong province. He acquired his jinshi degree in 1876, and from the mid 1890s served at ministerial rank in Peking in the departments of Rites, Justice, Revenue and Law, also holding responsibility for Metropolitan and Palace examinations. He frequently petitioned the throne on national issues, particularly on defence policy and educational reform. In December 1905 he set out on a diplomatic mission to Japan, the USA and thirteen European countries. His observations were recorded in Chushi jiu guo riji (Diplomatic Mission to Nine Countries).