Liu Fangping

A native of Henan, Liu lived during the 8th century. After failing to gain the highest degree of the civil service examination in 750, he abandoned the idea of an official career and retreated to Yingyang valley (present-day Xuchang, Henan province) where he lived as a hermit, devoting himself to landscape painting and poetry. Twenty-six of his poems are collected in Quan Tang shi.